For increasingly information well-nigh Vanguard funds, visit vanguard.com to obtain a prospectus or, if available, a summary prospectus. Investment objectives, risks, charges, expenses, and other important information well-nigh a fund are contained in the prospectus; read and consider it thoughtfully surpassing investing.
All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.
Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect versus a loss.
Investments in securities issued by non-U.S. companies and governments are subject to risks including country/regional risk and currency risk. These risks are expressly upper in emerging markets.
Advice services are provided by Vanguard Advisers, Inc., a registered investment advisor, or by Vanguard National Trust Company, a federally chartered, limited purpose trust company.
The services provided to clients who elect to receive ongoing translating will vary based upon the value of resources in a portfolio. Please review the Form CRS and Vanguard Personal Counselor Services Brochure for important details well-nigh the service, including its asset-based service levels and fee breakpoints.
VAI is a subsidiary of VGI and an unite of VMC. Neither VAI nor its affiliates guarantee profits or protection from losses.